Shabbat Hebrew Class with Brenda Mathews

We are so excited to offer these special Shabbat Hebrew Classes!  Below find the notes for the teaching portion of the class as well as the audio to follow along with outside of the video!


Chireqאִ – חִרֶק The One Dot

The word Chireq is seen in Psalms 112:10

Psalms 112:10– “The wicked shall see it, and be grieved: he shall gnashwith his teethand melt away: the desireof the wickedshall perish.”

Gnash – Strong’s #2786 Chireq חִרֶק

a) gnashing of teeth

b) grind the teeth at

The wicked shall see it, and be grieved.

Grieved – Strong’s #3707 Ka’as כָּעַס

a) to be angry, be vexed, be wroth, be grieved

In the book of Acts (chapter 7) there is a story about Stephen being gnashed upon with the teeth.

Acts 7:51-54– “Ye stiff necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resistthe Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do ye.

Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? And they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One: of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers:”


The Just One = in the Greek its DeKiosand in the Hebrew its Tsadik

a) Righteous, observing divine laws, one who is such as he ought to be

“Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and have not kept it.

When they heard these things, they were cut to the heart, and they gnashedon him with their teeth.”

Gnashed in the Greek is Brukheand in the Hebrew its Chireq– to grind, to bite, to chew (*the name of our vowel!)

Acts 7:59-60– “And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.  And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge.  And when he had said this, he fell asleep.”

Stephen – Strong’s #4736 Stephano Stephen = “Crowned”

one of the seven deacons in Jerusalem and the first martyr; Stephen is connected to the Hebrew word ‘atarah עֲטָרָה(Strong’s #5850) crown

*They gnashed (chireq) their teeth at the crown!

Atarahעֲטָרָה means:

A crown, A crown or headdress worn by a King symbolizes his power and authority, Crowns were often made of silver or gold with jewels set in them (Esther 8:15), It pictures Jerusalem as God’s Crown (Isaiah 62:3)

Silver is used as a means of atonement and ransom for the lives of individual Israelites (Exodus 30:16) and symbolizes redemption.

Gold is used to represent wisdom, understanding, and knowledge as well as the high position and divinity of God.

Isaiah 62:1, 3– “For Zion’s sake will I not hold my peace, and for Jerusalem’s sake I will not rest, until the righteousness, thereof go forth as brightness, and the salvation thereof as a lamp that burneth.

Thou shalt be a crownof glory in the hand of the Lord, and a royal diademin the hand of thy God.”

Crown – Strong’s #5850 ‘Atarah עֲטָרָה

Royal – Strong’s #4410 melukah מְלוּכָה meaning kingdom, royalty; from Strong’s #4427 malak מָלַךְto rule, be king

Diadem – Strong’s #6797 tsanif צָנִיףindicating a turban, a headband of the high priest of Israel; indicating a golden crown of righteousness

*It describes God as the ultimate crown of His people – Isaiah 28:5– “In that day shall the LORD of Hosts be for a crownof glory and for a diademof beauty, unto the residue of His people.”

Diadem –Strong’s #6843 tsefirah צְפִירָהa crown; from Strong’s #6842 tsafir צָפִירreferring to a male goat, one goat was offered for each tribe of Israel as a mass sin offering for the nation on return from exile in Ezra 6:17.

Ezra 6:17– “And offered at the dedication of this house of God an hundred bullocks, two hundred rams, four hundred lambs, and for a sin offeringfor all of Israel, twelve he goats, according to the number of the tribes of Israel.”

He/male is tsefirah meaning diadem, a crown!

Goats – Strong’s #5796 ‘ez עֵז it was valuable property, a part of a person’s wealth

This verse then could mean – and for a sin offering for all Israel, they offered their twelve diadems/crowns!

The definition of diadem in the English dictionary is

a jeweled crown or headband worn as a symbol of sovereignty

sovereignty – a self governing state, supreme power or authority, the authority of a state to govern itself or another state

Mark 15:17-18– “And they clothed him with purple, and platted a crown of thorns, and put it about his head. And began to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews!

*The “Crown of Thorns” which Yahshua wore was a “stephanos/crown of thorns”

Stephanos is the crown of exaltation bestowed upon Christ in Revelation 6:2; the atarah, the stephanos, and the diadem were used as crowns of exaltation, crowns of honor and victory.

Revelation 3:11– “Behold, I come quickly: hold that fasts which thou hast, that no man take thy crown”

*Thy honor, thy victory, sin offering, Israel’s sovereignty as a nation to govern itself

In Acts 7:57-58– “Then they cried out with a loud voice, and stopped their ears, and ran upon him with one accord. And cast him (Stephen) out of the city, and stoned him: and the witnesses laid down their clothes at a young man’s feet, whose name was Saul.”

In Acts 22:19-20– “And I said, Lord, they know that I imprisoned and beat in every synagogue them that believed on thee.  And when the blood of thy martyr Stephen was shed, I also was standing by, and consenting unto his death, and kept the raiment of them that slew him.”

Yeshua was lifting up his (Saul’s) head to see what would come out of his mouth if he would offer up a sin offering and have a heart of repentance!

Now in 1 Corinthians 1:16 we see Saul again and this time he is baptizing another man named Stephanos. We see one crown dying (Stephen the martyr) and another coming to life!  Representing that the authority of God continues on and isn’t cut off, even as the wicked gnash their teeth against it!

1 Corinthians 1:16– “And I baptized also the household of Stephanos: besides I know not whether I baptized any other.”

There are five crowns mentioned in Scripture. They deal with the different aspects of a believer in life.  The crowns reflect levels of maturity in regards to a believer’s growth and accomplishments of service to the Lord.

    1. Incorruptible Crown – crown for mastery over the sin nature
    2. Crown of Righteousness – crown for living righteously in this world
    3. Crown of Life – crown for enduring trials while proceeding in God’s plan
    4. Crown of Joy – crown for leading others to Christ or demonstrating fruitfulness by influencing others toward righteousness
    5. Crown of Glory – crown to fulfill your calling and finish the work God gave you to do.